Rodrigo Gaspar de Mello
Rodrigo Gaspar de Mello is a doctoral student at the Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro - PUC-Rio Law School's J.S.D. Program. He is also a federal judge in Brazil, serving at the 28th Federal Court for the District of Rio de Janeiro. While visiting CCHR, Mr. Gaspar de Mello conducted research on the influence that United States Supreme Court and Inter-American Court of Human Rights decisions on freedom of expression may have on the Brazilian legal system.
Associate Professor of Sociology of Law and Researcher on Memory and Human Rights at Alberto Hurtado University, Prof. Rojas contributed with the Chilean Commission on Torture and Political Imprisonment in the search of evidences and testimonies (2003-4). During 2007 he served as advisor on transparency during the first government of President Michelle Bachelet. While at Notre Dame he delivered a talk entitled "Living Together in the Chilean Transition to Democracy."
Professor at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Prof. Paúl has been a study visitor at the European Court of Human Rights (Strasbourg, 2013), an intern at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (Washington D.C., 2012), and a professional visitor (intern) at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (San José de Costa Rica, 2010). During his term at CCHR he delivered a talk in which he described and assessed the Inter-American Court's novel approaches to interpreting the American Convention.
Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor Poisot
Legal Research Institute of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and Judge, Inter-American Court of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica. Prof. Ferrer was Clynes Visiting Chair in Judicial Ethics, Notre Dame Law School, for the Fall of 2014.
Sebastián López Escarcena
Associate Professor and Full-time Researcher at Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Prof. Lopez Escarcena holds a PhD from the University of Edinburgh, UK; an LLM from the University of Leiden, The Netherlands; and an LLB and a BA from the Catholic University of Chile. While visiting CCHR he pursued his research into property as a human right, delivering a public talk on the subject on Wednesday, April 16. He also participated in "The Future of the Inter-American Human Rights System" in March.
Carla A. Arena Ventura
Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences at the University of São Paulo/Brazil, she received her Masters in International Law from the University of the State of São Paulo (UNESP), Brazil, and her Doctoral Degree in Administration from the University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. During her PhD studies, she was a Fulbright Scholar at the Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on Human Rights and the Right to Health, Health and Development, International Health, International Mental Health and Bioethics and Nursing Legislation, and coordinates an interdisciplinary Research Group on Global Health, Law and Development (GEPESADES). During her visit to CCHR Prof. Ventura delivered a talk on "Mental Health and Human Rights."
José Zalaquett visited Notre Dame Law School in April 2013. His visit was co-sponsored by the CCHR, NDLS, and the Kellogg Institute. In his native Chile, from 1973-1975, Prof. Zalaquett organized and headed the Legal Aid Department of the ecumenical Comité de Cooperación Para la Paz en Chile, which provided legal aid to thousands of political prisoners in Chile following the September 1973 coup d‘état. He has served various leadership positions with Amnesty International and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS, acting as President of that body from 2003-2004. He has participated in truth commissions and advised governments on issues of justice and reconciliation in Argentina, El Salvador, Peru, Yugoslavia, and Uganda, among many others.
During his visit Prof. Zalaquett taught a two-credit mini-course on Legal and Ethical Issues Concerning the Use of Force, participated in the Chicago Pacem in Terris Conference in early April, and delivered the Inaugural CCHR Lewers Lecture on April 18. The Lewers Lecture was titled “The Moral and Political Reconstruction of Broken Societies: 30 Years of Transitional Justice Worldwide,” and was introduced by University of Notre Dame President Fr. John Jenkins.
Duciran Van Marsen Farena
The fourth holder of the Chair, in spring 2013, Professor Farena is an adjunct professor at the Federal University of Paraíba (Brazil) in the Public Law Department and a Federal Public Attorney in the Brazilian state of Paraíba. His expertise includes the rights of indigenous and traditional peoples, and other issues concerning civil, economic and social rights. He is also a member of the Human Rights State Council and President of the State Council for Prevention of Torture in Paraíba (2012-2013). His research focused on the right to adequate food, which he discussed as part of his presentation “The Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of Brazil´s Indigenous Communities” on March 18.
An expert on reparations for human rights violations with the International Center for Transitional Justice, Cristian Correa spent a week in February as a Visiting Scholar. He researched issues around defining and implementing fair reparations for victims of human rights violations, where the needs of the population demand an important investment in development and reconstruction. On February 13, he presented a public lecture on his work, “Integrating Development with Reparations for Massive Human Rights Violations.”
Seyed Masoud Noori
In collaboration with the Kellogg Institute, the CCHR hosted Iranian legal scholar Dr. Seyed Masoud Noori in late January 2013. The CCHR organized a full schedule on campus with a number of faculty and individual classes, and Dr. Noori gave a public lecture, “Understanding Shariah through Justice-Based Ijtihad.”
Andrea Pin, University of Padua, visited in April 2012 and in the fall of 2012 we published his article, “Where the Streets Have No Name: Immigrants, National Identities and the Consequences of a Narrow Universalism” in our online repository.
Erik Longo, University of Macerata, visited Notre Dame in the spring of 2012 and the fall of 2013, and delivered his paper “Seeking a Better Life: Human Welfare of Migrants in Irregular Situations in the United States and Europe” at the Law School. In his paper, Prof. Longo reconsidered social rights in light of emerging trends in migration – specifically, the differences in legal rights afforded to undocumented immigrants. The article can be found in our online repository.
Professor Isabel Maria Sampaio Oliveira Lima
The third recipient of the Notre Dame-Brazilian Fulbright Foundation fellowship, Prof. Lima has been as a tenured Professor at the Catholic University of Salvador (UCSal), in the state of Bahia, since 1996. She teaches children’s rights and human rights in the Ph.D. and Masters programs on Family in Contemporary Society at UCSal. She is also an Associate Professor at the Public Health Institute at Federal University of Bahia, in Health and Human Rights. Prof. Lima also coordinates a research group on human rights, the right to health and the family since 2002. Prior to her career in academia, she was a member of the bench, as a state judge, for 15 years. She also worked in East Timor (2007-2009) as a consultant for UNICEF and the Timorese Ministry of Justice. She is a member of the Judges for Democracy Association in Brazil. While at Notre Dame, Prof. Lima will pursue a research project titled “Children’s Rights and the Right to Health: Human Rights Challenges in Brazil.”
Professor Jayme Benvenuto
Prof. Benvenuto is an Assistant Professor and Director of the Center for Legal Sciences at the Catholic University of Pernambuco in Recife, Brazil. By agreement with our Center for Civil and Human Rights, he was awarded the second in a series of five annual research fellowships by the Brazilian Fulbright Foundation. His research involves, among other topics, the relationship between democracy and human rights, and the relationship between the judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the domestic political context of the countries involved. He will be in 3359 Biolchini Hall until mid-April.
Judge Narciso Baez
Prof. Baez a federal judge in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, is also a Professor of Constitutional Law in the law faculty of the University of the West of Santa Catarina. He has a Master’s Degree in Public Law and Social Evolution, and is pursuing doctoral studies in Fundamental and New Rights. His current research involves the concept and definition of human rights. He attempts to reconcile universal human values with cultural diversity in practice. He and his family will be here the entire semester. He will be working in 3357 Biolchini Hall.
Gilberto M. A. Rodrigues
Gilberto Marcos Antonio Rodrigues is the inaugural holder of the Brazilian Fulbright Scholarship Program’s “Sergio Vieira de Mello Chair for Visiting Scholar” at the Center for Civil and Human Rights, Notre Dame Law School. He holds a Ph.D. in International Relations (2004) (with a scholarship from the Brazilian Scientific Council – CNPq), a LL.B. from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (1989) (PUC-SP), a M.A. in International Relations from the University for Peace, Costa Rica, and a Diploma in Conflict Resolution from the Uppsala University (1996). His research while holding the de Mello Chair at the Center for Civil and Human Rights will focus on Latin American Perspectives on the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP).
Lecture by Visiting Scholar Laura Olson. n early February 2008 CIA Director, Michael V. Hayden, confirmed that the Agency had used waterboarding on three al-Qaeda detainees after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and the White House followed by commenting that the CIA could use waterboarding with Bush’s approval, which would “depend on the circumstances,” including whether “an attack might be imminent.” In recent years, a variety of considerations, including threats to State security and the allegedly dangerous nature of certain people, have been invoked in an attempt either to limit or renegotiate the scope of the prohibition on torture or to argue that the use of forms of ill-treatment other than torture, such as cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment may be permitted since they fall short of actual torture. Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and other provisions of International Humanitarian Law embody an absolute and minimum rule of humane treatment by prohibiting torture, cruel or inhuman treatment and outrages upon personal dignity. How are these types of ill-treatment prohibited by International Humanitarian Law to be understood? Can these notions be interpreted in meaningful and practical ways?