Today, over 21 million people are exploited in forms of modern-day slavery. Trafficked persons are drawn from vulnerable populations, and are denied their most basic human rights. CCHR works to advance our understanding of how to combat trafficking effectively through research, education, and programming.
Over the 2016-17 academic year, CCHR is engaged in research initiatives on two human trafficking projects:
The Project on Women Religious and Human Trafficking aims to provide a full account with incisive analysis of how communities of Catholic women religious have engaged in the fight against contemporary slavery in the United States and around the world. This ground-breaking, multi-year project proposes to map and document their work before and since 2001, when women leaders of their congregations dedicated their over one million members to combat trafficking. The results will be widely disseminated in order to make this work better known and share its insights and inspiration. This project is carried out by CCHR and the U.S. Catholic Sisters Against Trafficking, with collaborating partner the Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism.
The Project on Legal Remedies for Victims of Human Trafficking explores how legal systems around the world can better protect the interests of trafficking victims. Poor implementation and interpretation of existing law, limited resources, trends to criminalize victims, and complicating immigration policies commonly leave victims without effective legal remedies. The immediate response to human trafficking is often to call upon NGOs and international organizations to provide short-term crisis relief, thus deflecting attention and resources away from the domestic legal actors who hold the keys to sustainable improvement. This project tackles the question of what features of legal systems - and what legal tools - most effectively help human trafficking victims in the long run. A comparative analysis of remedies structures across countries will lay the groundwork for a comprehensive report on what works. This project draws extensively on the work of the Notre Dame Law School seminar: "Legal Remedies for Human Trafficking," co-taught by Profs. Alexandra Levy and Christine Cervenak. HT Pro Bono is a collaborating partner on this project.
- Student research from the NDLS seminar Legal Remedies for Human Trafficking are available here.
With CCHR support, two courses on human trafficking have been developed at the University of Notre Dame. For undergraduates, there is the Center for Social Concerns seminar: Human Trafficking: Causes, Responses and Current Debates (offered Fall 2016). In Spring 2016, Notre Dame Law School students in the J.D. and LL.M. programs had the opportunity to deepen their knowledge and investigate specific country practices in the NDLS research seminar: Legal Remedies for Human Trafficking. Papers from the seminar are available here.
- Over the course of three days and across varied media and forums, CCHR and its partners – The Kellogg Institute for International Studies; The Department of Film, Television and Theatre; The Center for Social Concerns, Higgins Labor Studies Program; and the College of Arts and letters – explored depictions of human trafficking and child labor through performance and dialogue. Details of this event may be found here.
- CCHR hosted a training session, an initiative of the Indiana Attorney General’s office, aimed at helping individuals and businesses identify signs of human trafficking. Details of this event may be found here.
- Alexandra Levy, Notre Dame Law School, delivered a talk on the realities of who human trafficking victims are - and what it means when we’re confronted with a narrative that doesn’t conform to our expectations. Details of this event may be found here.
- Martina E. Vandenberg, founder and president of the Human Trafficking Pro Bono Legal Center, critiqued the State Department Trafficking in Person (TIP) Report and the Department of Justice Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress, asking whether the Unites States deserves the top markings we give ourselves every year for fighting trafficking. Details of this event may be found here.
- CCHR convened a prestigious group of human trafficking activists to consult on its research agenda. Details of this event may be found here.
- CCHR hosted (along with the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies) the visit of Kevin Bales to the University of Notre Dame. Details of this event may be found here.